South Landing, a partnership between McKinstry and Avista, sets a new vision for what the built environment must become. It illustrates how McKinstry is accelerating innovation to deliver zero energy and zero carbon buildings at market cost. The first two buildings to be completed at South Landing are the Catalyst Building and the Scott Morris Center for Energy Innovation. South Landing was a 2020 Fast Company World Changing Ideas honorable mention in Energy.
This five-story, 159,000 square-foot building will deliver Spokane’s first zero energy and zero carbon facility.
Zero Energy, Zero Carbon
McKinstry design engineers performed more than 40,000 energy model simulations to perfect Catalyst systems and deliver zero energy and zero carbon operations. The building will feature the latest smart building technologies and energy systems, including solar photovoltaics (PV), solar shading, exhaust heat recovery, thermal energy and battery storage systems and a building envelope designed to passive house standards. A central energy plant located in the Morris Center will pool and distribute energy to Catalyst and future buildings in the South Landing development.
The Catalyst building uses locally sourced cross-laminated timber (CLT) produced by Katerra in their Spokane Valley factory. The project will use 4,000 cubic meters of CLT and other glulam products. That amount can store 3,713 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent. CLT also means using less steel and concrete, avoiding another 1,437 metric tons of carbon emissions. That roughly 5,000 metric tons of carbon equates to 1,100 cars off the road for a year.
Timber is renewable, especially since CLT does not use old-growth timber. U.S. and Canadian forests can regrow 4,000 cubic meters of CLT in just 11 minutes.
An Innovation Hub
Eastern Washington University will bring 1,000 students to the Catalyst building spanning computer science, electrical engineering and visual communication and design. Working alongside private industry tenants, these students will learn within an immersive living laboratory to power ideas to transform our built environment and solve societal problems.
Eastern Washington University will bring 1,000 students to the Catalyst Building spanning computer science, electrical engineering and visual communication and design. Working alongside private industry tenants, these students will learn within an immersive living laboratory to power ideas to transform our built environment and solve societal problems.
The Morris Center houses an innovative central energy plant that transforms the South Landing development into a groundbreaking shared energy eco-district. The four-story building features 40,000 square feet of leased space that includes offices and a full-service restaurant.
Deployed systems will include solar photovoltaic (PV) arrays, thermal energy and battery storage systems, high-performance variable air volume (VAV) systems and dedicated outdoor air systems (DOAS). These systems will be configurable to meet fluctuating occupant requirements, available onsite energy generation, and utility demand response needs across the entire South Landing development. The result will generate new opportunities to design, develop and test shared energy economies.
Reinvented Energy Value Chain
South Landing creates a grid-optimal eco-district that redefines the energy value chain. McKinstry and Avista partnered to move beyond typical demand response to autonomous demand management. Advanced technologies and sensors will allow Avista to see beyond the meter to balance on-site energy demand with on-site energy generation. Excess energy can then be used to meet demand elsewhere on the grid or stored in the on-site thermal energy and battery storage systems.
Federal, state, private funding collaboration
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) will support McKinstry and Avista Utilities in their Urbanova partnership by providing new control technologies to be incorporated into the innovative new energy system being deployed at the South Landing eco-district. PNNL has created several technologies that enable integrated energy management using the PNNL campus as a laboratory, and extensively enabled by investments made at PNNL by the Washington Clean Energy Fund. One technology, Intelligent Load Control (ILC), deployed via PNNL’s VOLTTRON platform using small, inexpensive computers, can automatically control devices—such as heating and cooling systems, but also energy generating and storage systems—to meet energy use targets while maintaining desired building functionality and comfort levels. PNNL hopes that these new technologies can contribute to the success of the South Landing eco-district and lead to other similar developments in other cities.